Richard M. Nixon

37th President Richard M. Nixon, 1969-197437th President Richard M. Nixon, 1969-197437th President Richard M. Nixon, 1969-197437th President Richard M. Nixon, 1969-197437th President Richard M. Nixon, 1969-197437th President Richard M. Nixon, 1969-197437th President Richard M. Nixon, 1969-1974

37th President of the United States
(January 20, 1969 to August 9, 1974)

Full Name: Richard Milhous Nixon
Nickname: None listed.

Born: January 9, 1913, in Yorba Linda, California
Died: April 22, 1994, in New York, New York

Father: Francis Anthony Nixon
Mother: Hannah Milhous Nixon
Married: Thelma "Patricia" Catherine Ryan (1912-1993), on June 21, 1940
Children: Patricia Nixon (1946- ); Julie Nixon (1948- )

Religion: Society of Friends (Quaker)
Education: Graduated from Whittier College (1934) and Duke University Law School (1937)
Occupation: Lawyer, public official
Political Party: Republican
Other Government Positions:

  • Attorney for U.S. Office of Emergency Management, 1942
  • Member of U.S. House of Representatives, 1947-51
  • United States Senator, 1951-53
  • Vice President, 1953-61 (under Eisenhower)

Presidential Salary: $200,000/year + $50,000 expense account

Presidential Election Results:

YearCandidatePopular VotesElectoral Votes
1960John F. Kennedy34,226,731303
(map)Richard M. Nixon34,108,157219

YearCandidatePopular VotesElectoral Votes
1968Richard M. Nixon31,785,480301
(map)Hubert H. Humphrey31,275,166191
George C. Wallace9,906,47346

YearCandidatePopular VotesElectoral Votes
1972Richard M. Nixon41,167,319520
(map)George McGovern29,168,50917
John Hospers1

Vice President: Spiro T. Agnew (1969-73); Gerald R. Ford (1973-74)

Cabinet:

Secretary of State
William P. Rogers (1969-73)
Henry A. Kissinger (1973-74)
Secretary of the Treasury
David M. Kennedy (1969-70)
John B. Connally, Jr. (1971-72)
George P. Schultz (1972-74)
William E. Simon (1974)
Secretary of Defense
Melvin R. Laird (1969-72)
Elliot L. Richardson (1973)
James R. Schlesinger (1973-74)
Attorney General
John N. Mitchell (1969-72)
Richard G. Kleindienst (1972-73)
Elliot L. Richardson (1973)
William B. Saxbe (1974)
Postmaster General
Winton M. Blount (1969-71)
Secretary of the Interior
Walter J. Hickel (1969-70)
Rogers C. B. Morton (1971-74)
Secretary of Agriculture
Clifford M. Hardin (1969-71)
Earl L. Butz (1971-74)
Secretary of Commerce
Maurice H. Stans (1969-72)
Peter G. Peterson (1972)
Frederick B. Dent (1973-74)
Secretary of Labor
George P. Schultz (1969-70)
James D. Hodgson (1970-72)
Peter J. Brennan (1973-74)
Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare
Robert H. Finch (1969-70)
Elliot L. Richardson (1970-73)
Caspar W. Weinberger (1973-74)
Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
George W. Romney (1969-72)
James T. Lynn (1973-74)
Secretary of Transportation
John A. Volpe (1969-73)
Claude S. Brinegar (1973-74)
Notable Events:
  • 1971
    • The Pentagon Papers, a top-secret U.S. Dept. of Defense study, were leaked to The New York Times. This document showed that the Johnson administration had secretly been expanding U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War, further hurting the credibility of the Nixon administration.
  • 1971-2
    • The Nixon administration dramatically improved relations with China. Nixon made a public visit to China in February, 1972, following Secretary of State Henry Kissinger's secret visit to China in October, 1971.
  • 1973
    • Nixon was praised during his presidency for ending American Involvement in the Vietnam War.
  • 1974
    • On August 8, Nixon resigned over the growing threat of impeachment raised over the Watergate Scandal, named for the burglaries at the Democratic National Committee headquarters at the Watergate Hotel in Washington. D.C by men found to be connected to Nixon's re-election campaign fundraising committee.
Internet Biographies:
Richard M. Nixon -- from The Presidents of the United States of America
Compiled by the White House.
Richard Nixon -- from The American President
From the Miller Center of Public Affairs at the University of Virginia, in addition to information on the Presidents themselves, they have first lady and cabinet member biographies, listings of presidential staff and advisers, and timelines detailing significant events in the lives of each administration.
Richard M. Nixon -- from Character Above All
From a PBS broadcast of the same name, this essay excerpt by Tom Wicker discusses some of the issues and events that molded Nixon.
Videos:
Other Internet Resources:
Lyndon B. Johnson Library and Museum
The Austin, Texas site for the Johnson archives, museum exhibits, and events. Tour information also available.
Lyndon B. Johnson National Historic Site
Located west of Johnson City, Texas, this park hosts the LBJ Ranch (also called the Texas White House), the Johnson Settlement and his boyhood home.
Lyndon B. Johnson State Historical Park
Located in "the heart of Johnson country", this park provides camping, fishing, history and more. Visitor information and directions are available.
Points of Interest:
Additional Facts:
  • Nixon is the only U.S. President to resign the presidency.
  • Nixon could play the piano, saxophone, clarinet, accordion, and violin.
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Next President: Gerald R. Ford