33rd President of the United States
(April 12, 1945 to January 20, 1953)
Full Name: Harry S. Truman
Nickname: "Give 'Em Hell Harry"
Born: May 8, 1884, in Lamar, Missouri
Died: December 26, 1972, in Kansas City, Missouri
Education: Attended the University of Kansas City Law School
Occupation: Farmer, public official
Political Party: Democrat
Other Government Positions:
- Judge on Jackson County Court, 1922-24
- Presiding Judge of Jackson County Court, 1926-34
- United States Senator, 1935-45
- Vice President, 1945 (under F.D. Roosevelt)
Presidential Salary: $75,000/year (increased to $100,000 + $50,000 expense account in 1949)
Vice President: Alben W. Barkley (1949-53)
- Secretary of State
- Edward R. Stettinius, Jr. (1945)
James F. Byrnes (1945-47)
George C. Marshall (1947-49)
Dean G. Acheson (1949-53)
- Secretary of the Treasury
- Henry Morgenthau, Jr. (1945)
Frederick M. Vinson (1945-46)
John W. Snyder (1946-53)
- Secretary of War
- Henry L. Stimson (1945)
Robert P. Patterson (1945-47)
Kenneth C. Royall (1947)
- Secretary of Defense
- James V. Forrestal (1947-49)
Louis A. Johnson (1949-50)
George C. Marshall (1950-51)
Robert A. Lovett (1951-53)
- Attorney General
- Francis B. Biddle (1945)
Thomas C. Clark (1945-49)
J. Howard McGrath (1949-52)
- Postmaster General
- Frank C. Walker (1945)
Robert E. Hannegan (1945-47)
Jesse M. Donaldson (1947-53)
- Secretary of the Navy
- James V. Forrestal (1945-47)
- Secretary of the Interior
- Harold L. Ickes (1945-46)
Julius A. Krug (1946-49)
Oscar L. Chapman (1950-53)
- Secretary of Agriculture
- Claude R. Wickard (1945)
Clinton P. Anderson (1945-48)
Charles F. Brannan (1948-53)
- Secretary of Commerce
- Henry A. Wallace (1945-46)
W. Averell Harriman (1946-48)
Charles Sawyer (1948-53)
- Secretary of Labor
- Frances Perkins (1945)
Lewis B. Schwellenbach (1945-48)
Maurice J. Tobin (1949-53)
- Harry S. Truman -- from The Presidents of the United States of America
- Compiled by the White House.
- Harry Truman -- from The American President
- From the Miller Center of Public Affairs at the University of Virginia, in addition to information on the Presidents themselves, they have first lady and cabinet member biographies, listings of presidential staff and advisers, and timelines detailing significant events in the lives of each administration.
- Harry S. Truman -- from the Harry S. Truman Presidential Library & Museum
- A complete biography with a list of books for further reading.
- Harry S. Truman -- from Character Above All
- From a PBS broadcast by the same name, this essay excerpt by David McCullough discusses some of the issues and events that molded Truman.
1 / 4Harry Truman - The Only 20th Century President Without a College Degree | Mini Bio | BIO#33 Harry S TrumanAmerica's Presidents - Harry TrumanAmerican Presidents: Life Portraits - Harry S. TrumanDisney The American Presidents: Harry S. Truman1 / 4
Other Internet Resources:
- Harry S. Truman Birthplace State Historic Site
- The small house where Truman was born.
- Harry S. Truman National Historic Site
- The house where Truman lived from 1919 to his death is located in Independence, Missouri. The Truman Farm House, where Harry grew up, is located in Grandview, Missouri. Both are located in the Kansas City metropolitan area and both are part of the Truman NHS. Maintained by the National Park Service.
- Harry S. Truman Library & Museum
- Located in Independence, Missouri, this site contains an exhibit hall, press room, educational resources, and of course the papers of the former president.
Points of Interest:
- There has been considerable controversy regarding the use of a period after the S in Truman's name since it does not stand for anything. The Harry S. Truman Library website explains the controversy and the reason to use the period.
- Truman's motto was "The buck stops here."